The Role of BIM in AEC industry
Building information modelling better known as BIM simply is a technique that is being used in the AEC industry which helps to plan and manage construction projects effectively. BIM technology has enabled creation of digital representation of buildings by using relevant data and geometry. The AEC industry has benefited a lot from this technology as they are able to utilize various software tools in order to come up with the construction designs. Some of the additional benefits that come with this kind of technology includes better scheduling, improving operability between teams as well as coordination of the construction projects. A virtual information is created by the design team which consists of engineers, surveyors as well as architects who later on pass the model to contractors who implement the design. Even before moving to the site of construction, the design team is able to get a virtual construction model of the project.
BIM helps to provide high quality as well as accurate documentation of the construction process. The building lifecycle is also significantly minimized in order to increase the level of interaction between architects, contractors as well as engineers. BIM has also helped in coordination of the various processes involved in the building lifecycle hence eliminating any conflicts that may arise between experts. Another added benefit of BIM is that there is improved construction management as well as production of accurate quantity take-offs. Implementing BIM during the design process leads to a more cost-effective project.
Unlike manual drawings, BIM is more superior as it uses 3D objects that can be read by the computer and any errors in a building model can be quickly identified and corrected automatically. This helps to reduce the number of errors and change orders due to this capability of the technology. During cost estimation and placing orders for materials, contractors use the data provided by BIM to generate bills for the materials. Building models therefore allow integration of most processes involved in a construction project.
BIM tools differ from those used in CADD. Online simulation of a construction model is what BIM mostly involves and the process provides better products that are cheaper to owners. The use of coordinated computable information on a building characterizes this technology. Creation of the model enhances better decision making, construction planning, performance predictions as well as cost estimates. Since BIM is implemented during the entire building life cycle, it is used during operation as well as maintenance stages.
Before its implementation, BIM technology enhances creation of different components of the construction in order to minimize the design lifecycle altogether. Another advantage of using BIM technology is that aids in eliminating wastage of construction material which leads to lower project costs.
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